methods anthropology
methods environment
Botanical Methods

Specimens are collected:

  1. according to previous observations of their local use
  2. together with informants in the field
  3. Randomly, to get an overview of less important plants and their local names

Each species was discussed with local people.

Uses of each plant were recorded.

Local names were recorded and crosschecked with at least two additional informants in order to confirm names and find variability in plant names
The literal meaning of the plant names was documented in order to understand local plant classification.

Pile sorting - We took instant pictures (Polaroid) of a selection of plants as well as important objects such as ritual places and sacred mountains
People were asked to group these pictures in order to get insight into local categories and to discover correlations between different plants and the environment.

Free listing - The interviewed person was told to freely name plants. This gives a general impression of the importance of different plants and plant-categories and allows assessing the completeness of the ethnobotanical survey.