Schupunu - das Xumuwort für gegenseitige Verbindung
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Links Botanik und Ethnobotanik
Links Biodiversität und "Conservation"
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Botanik und Ethnobotanik

Netzwerk Ethnobiologie Schweiz

Ethnobiology of Europe Research Network

Zertifikatsstudiengang Ethnobotanik und Ethnomedizin, Universität Zürich Flora von China Online

Botanisches Glossar Online (Eng/Lat/Chin/Sp/Fr)

Ethnobiologie am Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB)

Ethnobotanik an der Universität von Hawaii, Manoa

Ethnobotanik an der Universität Kent

Ethnobotanik an den Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Center for Conservation and Sustainable Development,
Missouri Botanical Garden

Ethnobiologie in Europa

Centre for International Ethnomedicinal Education and Research

Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases

Bioversity International

Global Diversity Fund

Sacred Earth: Ethnobotany and Ecotravel

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Biodiversität und "Conservation"

Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Environment Programme

The World Conservation Union, the world's largest important conservation network

Diversitas: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science

National Geographic Society, Ökoregionen weltweit

Conservation International, Biodiversity Hotspots

Ökoregionen definiert von WWF Conservation Science Program

Seacology - Organisation zum Schutz von Inseln, deren Umwelt und Kulturen

United Nations University: Environment and Sustainable Development Programme

Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Region, China

Alliance for Global Sustainabiliy

Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration

Conservation International, Center for Applied Biodiversity Science

The Encyclopedia of Life

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Institute und Organisationen

Institut für Systematische Botanik, Universität Zürich

Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB)

Center for Biodiversity and Indigenous Knowledge (CBIK)

Institut für Raum- und Landschaftsentwicklung, ETH

Shaxi Rehabilitation Project

People and Plants International

The Society for Economic Botany

International Society of Ethnobiology

Society of Ethnobiology

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Weitere interessante Seiten Netzwerk für internationale Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklungspolitik

Intercooperation: Entwicklung und internationale Cooperation

In the footsteps of Joseph Rock - A photoblog

Collaborative Research Network Southeast Asia and China with Working Paper Archive

MapMachine von National Geographic

Greening the Screen: The Environmental Education Television Project for China (EETPC)

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Bortz J. and Döring N. 2002. Forschungsmethoden und Evaluation. 3. Aufl. Springer, Berlin.

Browner C.H. et al. 1988. A Methodology for Cross-cultural Ethnomedical Research. Current Athropology 29(5): 681-699.

Cotton, C. M. 1996. Ethnobotany . Principles and Applications. Wiley, Chichester.

Cunningham A.B. 2001. Applied ethnobotany. People, wild plant use and conservation. People and plants conservation manual. Earthscan, London.

Dierschke H. 1994. Pflanzensoziologie. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart.

Ellen R.F., Bernstein J., and Antaran B. 1997. The use of plot surveys for the study of ethnobotanical knowledge: A Brunei Dusun example. Journal of Ethnobiology 17 (1), 69-96.

Etkin N. 1993. Anthropological Methods in Ethnopharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 38: 93-104.

Hart, K.H. and Cox P.A. 2001. A cladistic approach to comparative Ethnobotany: Dye plants of the Southwestern United States. Journal of Ethnobiology 20(2):303-325.

Hedberg I. 1993. Botanical Methods in Ethnopharmacology and the Need for Conservation of Medicinal Plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 38: 121-128.

Kent M. and Coker P. 1994. Vegetation Description and Analysis: A Practical Approach. Wiley, Chichester.

Martin G. J. 1995. Ethnobotany. A People and Plants conservation manual. London: Chapman & Hall.

Phillips O. and Gentry A.H. 1993a. The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru I. Statistical hypothesis tests with a new quantitative technique. Economic Botany 47: 15-32.

Phillips O. and Gentry A.H. 1993b. The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru II. Additional hypothesis testing in quantitative ethnobotany. Economic Botany 47: 33-43.

Tuxill J. and Nabhan G.P. 2001. People, plants and protected areas. A guide to in situ management. People and plants conservation manual. Earthscan, London.

Waller D.P. 1993. Methods in Ethnopharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 38: 189-195.

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Boufford, D.E. and P.P. van Dijk. 1999. South-Central China. In: R.A. Mittermeier, N. Meyers, P. Robles Gil, and C.G. Mittermeier. Hotspots: Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. CEMEX, Mexico, pp. 338-351.

Frodin D.G. 2001. Guide to standard floras of the world. 2. ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Guan K.Y., Zhou Z.K., Sun H., Fei Y., and Sun W.B. 1998. Highland flowers of Yunnan. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming.

Handel-Mazzetti H. 1921. Uebersicht über die wichtigsten Vegetationsstufen und -formationen von Yünnan und Südwest Setschuan. Botanische Jahrbücher 54: 578-597.

Handel-Mazzetti H. (ed) 1929-37. Symbolae sinicae. Botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien nach Südwest-China, 1914-18. 7 Vols. Springer, Vienna.

IUCN. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Compiled by C. Hilton-Taylor, IUCN-The World Conservation Union/Species Survival Commission, Gland (Switzerland). Available in electronic form only at

Kriechbaum Monika 2002. Flora und Landnutzung des Muktinath-Tales (Mustang, Nepal) als Beziehungsmuster von naturräumlicher Ausstattung und menschlicher Gestaltung im Zentralhimalaya. DISSERTATIONES Botanicae, Vol 369.

Li Wenhua. 1993. Forests of the Himalayan-Hengduan Mountains of China and Strategies for their Sustainable Development. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). Kathmandu, Nepal.

Mackinnon, J., M. Sha, C. Cheung, G. Carey, Z. Xiang, and D. Melville. 1996. A biodiversity review of China. World Wide Fund for Nature, Hong Kong.

MacKinnon, J., M. Sha., C. Cheung, G. Carey, X. Zhu, and D. Melville. 1996. A Biodiversity Review of China. WWF International, Hong Kong.

Morell V. 2002. China hotspot. National Geographic 201: 98-113.

Myers, N., Mittermeier R.A., Mittermeier C.G., da Fonseca G.A.B., and Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853-858.

Rehder A. and Wilson E.H., 1928-32. Enumeration of the ligneous plants collected by J.F. Rock on the Arnold Arboretum expedition to northwestern China and northeastern Tibet. J. Arnold Arbor. 9: 4-27, 37-125 and 13: 385-409.

Sargent C.S. (ed) 1911-17. Plantae Wilsoniae. 3 Vols. (Publ. Arnold Arbor. 4). Jamaica Plain, Mass.

Wang C. 1961. The forests of China with a survey of grasslands and desert vegetation. Maria Moors Cabot Foundation Publication 5. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Wang W.T., Wu S.G., Lang K.Y., Li P.Q., Pu F.T., and Chen S.K. (eds) 1994. Vascular plants of the Hengduan Mountains. Vol 1-2. Science Press, Beijing.

Wang X.P., Yang Z.H., Horng J.S., Iwatsuki K., Yong S.K., Hamilton A.C, and Davis S.D. 1995. Regional overview: China and East Asia. In Davis S.D., Heywood V.H., and Hamilton A.C. (eds), Centers of plant diversity. Information Press, Oxford.

Wilson E. H. (1913) 1986. A Naturalist in Western China. Vol.1-2. London: Cadogan Books.

Wu, Z.-Y. 1988. Hengduan Mountain flora and its significance. Journal Japanese Botany 63:297-311.

Ying, T.S., D.E. Boufford, and Y.L. Zhang. 1993. The Endemic Genera of Seed Plants of China. Science Press, Beijing.

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Alcorn J.B. 1995. The Scope and Aims of Ethnobotany in a Developing World. In R.E. Schultes and S. von Reis (eds): Ethnobotany. Portland, Oregon: Dioscorides Press. 23-39.

Anderson E.F. 1993. Plants and people of the Golden Triangle. Ethnobotany of the hill tribes of Northern Thailand. Dioscorides Press, Portland.

Berkes F. 1999. Sacred Ecology: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Resource Management. Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia.

Berkes, F., and C. Folke. 2002. Back to the future: ecosystem dynamics and local knowledge. Pages 121–146 in L. H. Gunderson and C. S. Holling, editors. Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems. Island Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Berlin B. et al. 1973. General Principles of Classification and Nomenclature in Folk Biology. American Anthropologist 75(1): 214-242.

Berlin J.B. et al. 1974. Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. New York: Academic Press.

Cox P.A. 1995. Shaman as scientist: Indigenous knowledge systems in pharmacological research and conservation biology. p 1-15. In Hostettman K., Marston A., Maillard M., and Hamburger M. (eds), Phytochemistry of plants used in traditional medicine. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Cox P.A. 2000. Endangered plants, vanishing cultures: Ethnobotany and conservation, 435-442. In Raven P.H. and Williams T. (eds), Nature and human society: The quest for a sustainable world. Proceedings of the 2nd National Forum on Biodiversity, Washington, D.C. October 1997. National Academy Press, Washington D.C.

Cox P.A. 2000. Will tribal knowledge survive the millennium? Science 287 (5450):44.

Cunningham A.B. 1993. African medicinal plants: setting priorities at the interface between conservation and primary healthcare. People and plants working paper 1, March: 1-50.

Ellen R. 1993. The Cultural Relations of Classification: An Analysis of Nuaulu Animal Categories from Central Seram. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ellen R.F. 2000. Indigenous environmental knowledge and its transformations (edited with P. Parkes and A. Bicker) Amsterdam: Harwood.

Etkin N (ed) 1994. Eating on the wild side. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Heinrich, M. 2001. Ethnopharmazie und Ethnobotanik. Eine Einführung. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart.

Howard P (ed). 2003. Women and plants. Case studies on gender relations in biodiversity management and conservation. London, UK: Zed Press.

Johns T. 1990. With bitter herbs they shall eat it: Chemical ecology and the origins of human diet and medicine. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Kocher Schmid C. 1991. Of People and Plants. Basler Beiträge zur Ethnologie 33. Basel: Wepf.

Maffi L. (ed) 2001. On Biocultural diversity. Linking language, knowledge and the environment. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Manandhar N.P. 2003. Plants and people of Nepal. Timber Press, Portland.

Mascia M.B., Brosius J.P., Dobson T.A., Forbes B.C., Horowitz L., McKean M.A., and Turner N.J. 2003. Conservation and the social sciences. Conservation Biology 17: 649-650.

National Environment Protection Agency of China 1998. China’s biodiversity: a country study. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing.

Olson D.M. and Dinerstein E. 2002. The global 200: Priority ecoregions for global conservation. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 89: 199-224.

Pei S.J. 2001. Ethnobotanical approches of traditional medicine studies: Some experiences from Asia. Pharmaceutical Biology 39: 74-79.

Posey D.A. 1990. Intellectual Property Rights: What is the Position of Ethnobiology? Journal of Ethnobiology 10: 93-98.

Prance G.T., Balée W., Boom B.M., and Carneiro R.L. 1995. Quantitative ethnobotany and the case for conservation in Amazonia. In Schultes R.E. and Von Reis S. (eds), Ethnobotany, evolution of a discipline. Chapman and Hall, London: 157-174.

Schultes R.E. and von Reis S. 1995 (eds). Ethnobotany, evolution of a discipline. Chapman and Hall, London.

Stepp, J. R., F. S. Wyndham, and R. K. Zarger (eds). 2002. Ethnobiology and Biocultural Diversity. University of Georgia Press, Georgia.

Weckerle C. 1997. Der Gebrauch von Pflanzen im Alltag der Nanman-Shimi. Diplomarbeit in Ethnobotanik, Universität Zürich.

World Health Organization 2002. WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002-2005. Geneva.

Xiao P.G. 1991. The Chinese approach to medicinal plants – their utilization and conservation. In Akerele O., Heywood V.H. and Synge H. (eds), The conservation of medicinal plants. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.: 305-313.

Yin S.T. 2001. People and forests – Yunnan swidden agriculture in human-ecology perspective. Border Cultures Series, Yunnan Education Publishing House.

Yunnan Initiative Drafting Committee 2000. The Yunnan Initiative. Visions and actions for the enhancement of biological and cultural diversity. CUBIC, Kunming.

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Baumer C. 1999. BÖN – die lebendige Ur-Religion Tibets. Akademische Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Graz.

Baumer C. and Weber T. 2002. Ost-Tibet. Brücke zwischen Tibet und China. Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Beckwith C.I. 1987. The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Chao E.K. 1995. Depictions of differences: History, gender, ritual and state discourse among the Naxi of Southwest China. Ph.D. thesis in Anthropology, University of Michigan.

Dollfuss P. 1989. Lieu de neige et de genévriers. Centre de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.

Grobe-Hagel K. 1991. Hinter der grossen Mauer; Religionen und Nationalitäten in China. Frankfurt a.M., Eichborn Verlag.

Hai Zheng, Yin Haoti 1995. The Backbone of a Nationality. The Pumis. Yunnan Education Publishing House, Kunming.

Harrell S. 2001. Ways of Being Ethnic in Southwest China. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Heberer T. 1984. Nationalitäten Politik und Entwicklungspolitik in den Gebieten Nationaler Minderheiten in China. Arbeiten zur Chinaforschung Heft 9. Bremen: Universität Bremen.

Hsu E. 1998a. Introduction. In Oppitz M. and Hsu E. (eds), Naxi and Moso Ethnography: Kin rites and pictographs. Völkerkundemuseum der Universität Zürich, Zürich: 9-19.

Hsu E. 1998b. The house among the Moso and the Naxi. In Oppitz M. and Hsu E. (eds), Naxi and Moso Ethnography: Kin rites and pictographs. Völkerkundemuseum der Universität Zürich, Zürich: 67-99.

Knödel S. 1995. Die matrilinearen Moso von Yongning: Eine quellenkritische Auswertung moderner chinesischer Ethnographien. Lit Verlag, Münster.

Leach E.R. (1954) 1993. Political systems of Highland Burma. Athlone Press, London.

Ma Yin (ed) 1989. China’s Minority Nationalities. Foreign Languages Press, Beijing.

Mathieu C. 1996. Lost kingdom and forgotten tribes: Myths mysteries and mother-right in the history of Naxi nationality and the Mosuo people of Southwest China. Ph.D. thesis, Murdoch University.

McKhann C.F. 1992. Fleshing out the bones: Kinship and cosmology in Naqxi religion. Ph.D. in Social Anthropology, University of Chicago.

Naef R. 1998. Das Haus bei den Lianmu-Menggu (Südwest-China). Lizentiatsarbeit in Ethnologie, Universität Zürich.

Rock J.: National Geographic Artikel von 1924-1931, worunter einer von besonderem Interesse für das Gebiet ist: The Land of the Yellow Lama. National Geographic 47(5): 447-498.

Rock J. 1947. The ancient Na-Khi kingdom of Southwest China. Vol.1. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Schicklgruber C. 1993. Who marries who and why among the Khumbo? In Ramble C. and Brauen M. (eds), Anthropology of Tibet and the Himalaya. Ethnologisches Museum Zürich.

Schiesser M. 2000. Haus und Raum bei den Siweng-Pumi in Südwest-China. Lizentiatsarbeit in Ethnologie, Universität Zürich.

Wellens, K., 2010. Religious Revival in the Tibetan Borderlands : the Premi of southwest China. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA, USA.

White S.D. 1993. Medical Discourses, Naxi Identities, and the State: Transformations in Socialist China. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Anthropology.University of California, Berkeley.

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Bradley D. 1997. Tibeto-Burman Languages and Classification. In Bradley D. (ed.), Tibeto- Burman Languages of the Himalayas. Papers in Southeast Asian Linguistics 14:1-72.

Chirkova K. 2009. Shixing, a Sino-Tibetan language of South-West China: A grammatical sketch with two appended texts. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 32(1):1-90.

Chirkova K. & Michaud A. 2009. Approaching the prosodic system of Shixing. Language and Linguistics 10(3):539-568.

Chirkova K. Forthcoming. A first look at Kami, the Tibetan dialect of Muli. Language and Linguistics.

Huang B. 1991. Qiāng yǔzhī yǔyán 羌语支语言 [Qiangic languages]. In Ma Xueliang 马学良et al. (eds.), Hàn-Zàngyǔ gàilùn 《汉藏语概论》[A general introduction to the Sino-Tibetan languages], Beijing Daxue Chubanshe, Beijing, Vol. 2:208-369.

Huang B. & Renzeng W. 1991. Shǐxīngyǔ 史兴语 [The Shixing language]. In Dai Q., Huang B., Fu A., Renzeng W., Liu J. (eds.), Zàng-Miányǔ shíwú zhǒng《藏缅语十五种》 / Fifteen Tibeto-Burman languages. Beijing Yanshan Chubanshe, Beijing, 174-197.

Shafer R. (ed.). 1957-1963. Bibliography of Sino-Tibetan languages. 2 Vols., Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Sun H. 1983. Liùjiāng liúyù de mínzú yǔyán jí qí xìshǔ fēnlèi
《六江流域的民族语言及其系属分类》 [Minority languages of the Six River Valley and their genetic classification]. Mínzú Xuébào 《民族学报》 [Scholarly journal of nationalities] 3:99-274.

Sun Hongkai 1990. Languages of the ethnic corridor in Western Sichuan. Translated by Jackson T. -S. Sun. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 13. 1:1-31.

Sun H. 2001. Lùn Zàng-Mián yǔzú zhōng de Qiāng yǔzhī yǔyán” 《论藏缅语族中的羌语支语言》 [On the Qiangic branch of the Tibeto-Burman language family]. Language and Linguistics 2(1):157-181.

Thurgood G. 2003. A subgrouping of the Sino-Tibetan languages between language contact, change, and inheritance. In Thurgood G. & LaPolla R.J. (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages. Routledge, London, 3-21.

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